Introduction to Industrial Microbiology

Introduction to Industrial Microbiology

For several centuries, microorganisms have been identified and used. The Babylonians and Wolves used yeast to make alcohol. Old range in fermentation processes [1], which describes the application of microbial processes leading to the production of food and beverages to be. In the mid-nineteenth century, Louis Pasteur [2] has played the role of microorganisms in fermented food, wine, alcohol, beverage, cheese, milk, yogurt, and other dairy products, fuels and chemical products.

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Receive. He identified a lot of microbial processes and discovered the primary role of fermentation.

In recent Millennium widely used biological processes, many engineers have created a space for the field of biotechnology [3] expand. One of the most beneficial uses of biotechnology is the use of microorganisms to produce alcohols and acetone used in industrial processes. Science in the field of microbiology has evolved greatly in the production of new products due to the ability of genetically engineered cells to be newly engineered. Jaygzay appropriate genetic engineering and gene [4] to improve the fermentation industry is developed. As a result, biotechnology is a new route and method for making commercial products using living organisms. In addition, bio-knowledge has been developed to provide high-quality products.

Microbiology

The use of biological sciences in biological processes is known as a biological process. Today, most biological and pharmaceutical products are produced in specific industrial bioprocesses. For example, the amino acid bacteria can [5] produce a lot of the food and pharmaceutical use. There are hundreds of viable microbial products in the bio-market that are available in pure form. Microbial production of amino acids can be used to produce isomers of type L   [6]. While chemical production, the isomer of type L and D [7] is obtained. Lysine [8] and glutamic acid [9] are produced by Kernev bacterium glutamycium [10]. One of the nutritional supplements is citric acid, which is produced by Aspergillus niger [11]it is produced. Table 1 summarizes the various, wide, and varied uses of the microbiology industry in delivering various products in the applied industry.




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Table 1. 1. Industrial products produced from biological processes [12] [12]


ApplicationLive Creature MagnificationFermentation product
Proper chemicalsSaccharomyces [13]Ethanol (non-soluble)
Medium for Dihydrochloric Acid [14]Pseudomonas [15]Acid 2-Ketogluconic [16]
Fruit juicing factorAspergillus niger [17] , Aspergillus aureus [18] .Pectinase [19] , Protease [20]
Improved starch, paper shredderBacillus Soctilis [21]Bacterial amylase [22]
Chopped fiber, stainBacillus subtilisBacterial protease [23]
Food StabilizerLochencasat Macenturides [24]Dextran [25]
Making Ascorbic AcidGluconobacter suboxidation [26]Saraboz [27]
supplementsStreptomyces olivakius [28]Cobalamin [29] (Vitamin B12)
Food additiveBerry Bacterium [30]Glutamic acid [31]
pharmaceutical productsAspergillus nigerGluteninic acid [32]
Food and DrugRhizopus Erisi [33]Lactic acid
Food products, medicine Aspergillus niger or Aspergillus venticus [34]Citric acid
Solvents, chemical intermediatesClostridium stoebotolicum [35]Acetone-butanol
Human treatmentEscherichia coli modified [36]Insulin, interferon
Yeast Bread 
Yogurt and cheese productsLactobacillus bulgarissus [37]Yeast and primary culture
Lactic acid bacteria 
supplementsCandida Utiliis [38] , Pseudomonas Methylotroph [39]Microbial Protein ( SCP )
antibioticsPenicillium Chrysokenum [40]Penicillin
antibioticsCephalophora Acloronium [41]Cephalosporin [42]
antibioticsStreptomyces erythrius [43]Erythromycin [44]

Microbiology

Growth of cells on a large scale and in large quantities is called industrial fermentation. Fermentation is usually done in the bioreactor. In this reactor, they control aeration, pH, and temperature to produce cellular protein. Microorganisms from a biological source materials used are organic carbon and metabolites [45] primitive such as ethanol produced during the exponential growth phase cells are formed. In some biological processes, yeast or mushrooms are used to produce advanced, valuable products. Their products are considered as secondary metabolites, such as penicillin [46], that produce the product during a stagnant phase. They often cultivate yeasts for bread and wine. Bacteria such as Rhizobium [47], Brady Rhizobium [48] andBacillus thuringiensis [49] that can grow and use carbohydrates [50] and biological resources derived from agricultural waste. Vaccines [51], antibiotics [52] and steroids [53], as well as biological products,  are derived from microbial growth.

[1] Fermentation




[2] Louis Pasteur

[3] Bioprocesses

[4] Gene mounting

[5] Amino acid

[6] L-isomer

[7] D-isomer

[8] Lysine

[9] Glutamic acid

[10] Corynebacterium glutamicum

[11] Aspergillus niger

[12] Biological process

[13] Saccharomyces cerevisiae

[14] Intermediate for D-araboascorbic acid

[15] Pseudomonas sp

[16] 2-Ketoglyuconic acid

[17] Aspergillus niger

[18] A. aureus

[19] Pectinase

[20] protease

[21] Bacillus subtilis

[22] Bacterial amylase

[23] Bacterial protease

[24] Leuconostoc mesenteroides

[25] Dextran

[26] Gluconobacter suboxydans

[27] Sorbose

[28] Streptomyces olivaceus

[29] Cobalamin

[30] Brevibacterium

[31] Glutamic acid

[32] Gluconic acid

[33] Rhizopus oryzae

[34] A. wentii

[35] Clostridium acetobutylicum

[36] Recombinant E. coli

[37] Lactobacillus bulgaricus

[38] Candida Util

[39] Pseudomonas methylotroph

[40] Penicillium chrysogenum

[41] Cephalosparium acremonium

[42] Cephalosporins

[43] Streptomyces erythreus

[44] Erythromycin

[45] Metabolites

[46] Penicillin

[47] Rhizobium

[48] Bradyrhizobium

[49] Bacillus thuringiensis

[50] Carbohydrates

[51] Vaccines

[52] Antibiotic

[53] Steroid

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