Introduction to Industrial Microbiology

Introduction to Industrial Microbiology

Introduction to Industrial Microbiology :- For several centuries, microorganisms have been identified and used. The Babylonians and Wolves used yeast to make alcohol. Old range in fermentation processes, which describes the application of microbial processes leading to the production of food and beverages to be. In the mid-nineteenth century, Louis Pasteur has played the role of microorganisms in fermented food, wine, alcohol, beverage, cheese, milk, yogurt, and other dairy products, fuels and chemical products.

Receive. He identified a lot of microbial processes and discovered the primary role of fermentation.

In recent Millennium widely used biological processes, many engineers have created a space for the field of biotechnology to expand. One of the most beneficial uses of biotechnology is the use of microorganisms to produce alcohols and acetone used in industrial processes. Science in the field of microbiology has evolved greatly in the production of new products due to the ability of genetically engineered cells to be newly engineered. Jaygzay appropriate genetic engineering and gene to improve the fermentation industry is developed. As a result, biotechnology is a new route and method for making commercial products using living organisms. In addition, bio-knowledge has been developed to provide high-quality products.

Introduction to Industrial Microbiology

The use of biological sciences in biological processes is known as a biological process. Today, most biological and pharmaceutical products are produced in specific industrial bioprocesses. For example, amino acid bacteria can produce a lot of food and pharmaceutical use. There are hundreds of viable microbial products in the bio-market that are available in pure form. Microbial production of amino acids can be used to produce isomers of type L. While chemical production, the isomer of type L and D  is obtained. Lysine and glutamic acid are produced by Kernel bacterium glutamycium . One of the nutritional supplements is citric acid, which is produced by Aspergillus niger it is produced. Table 1 summarizes the various, wide, and varied uses of the microbiology industry in delivering various products in the applied industry.

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Table 1. 1. Industrial products produced from biological processes 

ApplicationLive Creature MagnificationFermentation product
Proper chemicalsSaccharomyces Ethanol (non-soluble)
Medium for Dihydrochloric Acid Pseudomonas Acid 2-Ketogluconic
Fruit juicing factorAspergillus niger , Aspergillus aureus .Pectinase, Protease
Improved starch, paper shredderBacillus Soctilis Bacterial amylase
Chopped fiber, stainBacillus subtilisBacterial protease
Food StabilizerLochencasat Macenturides Dextran
Making Ascorbic AcidGluconobacter suboxidation Saraboz
supplementsStreptomyces olivakius Cobalamin (Vitamin B12)
Food additiveBerry Bacterium Glutamic acid
pharmaceutical productsAspergillus nigerGlutenin acid
Food and DrugRhizopus Erisi Lactic acid
Food products, medicine Aspergillus niger or Aspergillus venticus Citric acid
Solvents, chemical intermediatesClostridium stoebotolicum Acetone-butanol
Human treatmentEscherichia coli modified Insulin, interferon
Yeast Bread 
Yogurt and cheese productsLactobacillus bulgarissus Yeast and primary culture
Lactic acid bacteria 
supplementsCandida Utiliis Pseudomonas Methylotroph Microbial Protein ( SCP )
antibioticsPenicillium Chrysokenum Penicillin
antibioticsCephalophora Acloronium Cephalosporin
antibioticsStreptomyces erythrius Erythromycin

Microbiology

The growth of cells on a large scale and in large quantities is called industrial fermentation. Fermentation is usually done in the bioreactor. In this reactor, they control aeration, pH, and temperature to produce cellular protein. Microorganisms from a biological source materials used are organic carbon and metabolites primitive such as ethanol produced during the exponential growth phase cells are formed. In some biological processes, yeast or mushrooms are used to produce advanced, valuable products. Their products are considered 63333333333333333333333336secondary metabolites, such as penicillin that produce the product during a stagnant phase. They often cultivate yeasts for bread and wine. Bacteria such as Rhizobium  Brady Rhizobium and Bacillus thuringiensis that can grow and use carbohydrates and biological resources derived from agricultural waste. Vaccines antibiotics and steroids, as well as biological products, are derived from microbial growth.

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