GENETIC CONTROL OF PLANT REPRODUCTION

GENETIC CONTROL OF PLANT REPRODUCTION:- introduction  Pollination mechanism and fertilization process and its analysis: Genetics and molecular biology of male and female gametes. Anther and ovule development. Pre- and post-fertilization barriers in wide crosses – principles and techniques to overcome fertility barriers; In vivo and in vitro fertilization mechanisms and its applications for crop improvement;

GENETIC CONTROL OF PLANT REPRODUCTIO

Male sterility – types and mechanisms – methods of inducing male seriality in crop plants. Anther specific genes and their utility in developing male sterility. Pollination mechanisms and their evolution.




Gene-flow studies in relation to transgenics. Self-incompatibility – cellular, genetic and molecular basis male gametophytic selection, and its application. S gene – structure and function (case studies: tomato, Brassica, tobacco). Somatic hybridization in crop plants.-Apomixis – mechanism forms and
applications. Limitations, progress, and prospects of transfer of apomictic trait to crop plants. Haploid parthenogenesis – induction, detection, and uses.

CROP CYTOGENETICS AND GENOME ANALYSIS 

Principles and procedures of genome analysis, colinearity among genomes and synteny, use of conventional and modern techniques – morphological, cytological, genetical, biochemical and molecular tools.

Species concept: theories of evolution, isolation mechanisms and criterion of species, Major crop plants of India, their distribution and centers of diversity.




Role of cytogenetical factors in the evolution of major crops like wheat, rice, maize, sugarcane, Brassica, cotton, jute, tobacco, potato, tomato, pulse crops, forage crops and cucurbits.

Pollination mechanism and fertilization process and its analysis: Genetics and molecular biology of male and female gametes. Anther and ovule development. Pre- and post-fertilization barriers in wide crosses – principles and techniques to overcome fertility barriers; In vivo and in vitro fertilization mechanisms and its applications for crop improvement;

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