Familiarize with Fermentation Processes
The Latin verb gently submerged fermentation of  is the interaction of yeast or malt sugar solution or fruit juice and cereals such as rye, wheat or barley shed. Boiling gases in this reaction are the same carbon dioxide bubbles caused by the activity of anaerobic microorganisms on the sugars in the extract.
The fermentation method is defined as a chemical conversion of biological compounds with the help of enzymes. The ability of yeast to produce alcohol for the Babylonians and Sumerians was known from 6000 BC. Egyptians discovered the production of carbon dioxide by beer yeast in bread making. Degradation of carbohydrates by living microorganisms, from the glycolic method or Ambien-Mirof-Parnas Follows [1 and 2]. Thus, the overall mechanisms of biological reaction for the extraction of energy and the creation of products under anaerobic conditions are called fermentation processes.
In the process of producing ethanol, carbohydrates with NADH  to pyruvate Are reduced. Ethanol is the end product. Other fermentation processes include acetic acid bacterial culture for vinegar production. The bacteria protect lactic acid from the milk. Lactic products of this type of bacteria are yogurt and cheese. Different bacteria and fungi contribute to cheese production. Luis Pasteur, who is known as the father of fermentation processes, in the early nineteenth century defined fermentation as airless. He proved that the present microbial life comes from eternal life. There is a strong belief that fermentation is precisely a biochemical reaction. Pasteur rejected the chemical hypothesis. In 1876 he Tqtyrknndhhay Lily In France, it was troubled. In this research, he wondered how and why the fermentation product was sour.  Pasteur found microbial contamination under the microscope in the yeast environment. Pasteur solved the problem of lily reactors by increasing lime water. In fact, this circumvents the acidic conditions of the environment. He developed a biological acid such as lactic acid before fermentation of ethanol. His greatest work was to identify and introduce various types of fermentation by microorganisms, which were able to produce the product in pure microbial culture. In other words, fermentation is known as an anaerobic respiratory process: an anaerobic mechanism, the life in the absence of oxygen. The process is summarized in the following steps.
- The role of yeast has been extracted on fruit or malt extract. Biochemical reactions to energy production are linked to the metabolism of organic compounds.
- Bulk mass  or living matter, living cells in a liquid solution, along with the main nutrients at appropriate temperature and pH, lead to cell growth. As a result, the amount of biomass increases with time.
In World War I, Germany had no choice but to make explosives and to do a considerable amount of glycerine need be. They observed the production of glycerol in alcohol fermentation. Norberg  found that the addition of sodium bisulfate in a fermentation fluid helps with the production of glycerin with the use of ethanol. The Germans quickly developed the fermentation industry with a daily production capacity of 35 tons per day. In Great Britain, Stone was in great demand. Acetone was obtained by acetone-butanol anaerobic fermentation using Clostridium stoebotolicum.
In the production of the scale of industrial fermentation products, contamination of organisms is a major problem. Microorganisms can be in a wide range of metabolic reactions using different sources of nutrients  participate. This makes fermentation processes suitable for industrial applications, along with cheap nutrients. Molasses , corn syrup , waste crystallization and grinding corn syrup sugar industry , for the production of antibiotics and chemicals, are used, in fact, this liquid solution with value. In the following chapters, we will discuss a large number of fermentation processes. It’s better to first focus on the basic concepts of biotechnology engineering to explain the uses.
There are many industries that of biological processes for the production of new products such as antibiotics, chemicals, alcohols, lipids , fatty acids and proteins they use. A deep understanding of the biological process may have knowledge of biology and microbiology ( science knowledge of living organisms) in application processes mentioned above, which need to be. Proving and displaying experiments and the use of large-scale laboratory technology is very attractive. Although the application of a large-scale biological process and managing the control of living microorganisms at 100,000 liters of culture medium, it is not so easy. The engineers are highly trained there, needIs. This can be achieved by raising awareness of the coverage of biological processes. To achieve these goals, we need to explain the whole process to skilled workers and trained staff, so that biotechnology can be applied to biotechnology.
 Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
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 Wet milling of corn
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