Conjugation In Bacteria Pdf Bsc 3rd Semester Pdf
Conjugation In Bacteria recombination is a process in which genetic recombination occurs in the bacterial cell. The three modes of transfers of genetic materials are; transformation, conjugation, and transduction (fig 1).
In this post, we discuss the conjugation.
Conjugate literally means to join together especially in pairs or couples (Merriam-webster dictionary). Bacterial conjugation was discovered by Joshua Lederberg and Edward Tatum in 1946.
This mode of recombination occurs between two bacterial cells, joined with each other through a conjugation tube also known as conjugation pilus. As the genetic material is transferred from one bacterial cell to another from the same generation and not from mother cell to the daughter cells, this is known as horizontal gene transfer.