The three modes of recombination in bacteria
Fog 1: Modes of Bacterial recombination.

In this post, we discuss the conjugation.

Conjugate literally means to join together especially in pairs or couples (Merriam-webster dictionary). Bacterial conjugation was discovered by Joshua Lederberg and Edward Tatum in 1946.

This mode of recombination occurs between two bacterial cells, joined with each other through a conjugation tube also known as conjugation pilus. As the genetic material is transferred from one bacterial cell to another from the same generation and not from mother cell to the daughter cells, this is known as horizontal gene transfer.