Application of fermentation processes

Application of fermentation processes

For centuries, humans used fermentation of living microorganisms in different shapes. Yeasts were first used to make bread. Later on, fermentation of dairy products was extended to cheese and yogurt. Today, more than 200 types of fermented food products are available in the market.



Bottom process in the production of biological products

Various bioactive processes are being used dynamically in the industry for high-quality products such as various antibiotics, organic acids, glutamic acid, citric acid, acetic acid, butyric acid, and propionic acids. Protein synthesis and amino acids, lipids, fatty acids, simple sugars and polysaccharides [1] such as xanthan gum [2], glycerine, chemicals, efficient and high alcohols produced by biological processes in industrial applications suitable. Knowledge of biological processes, biochemical correlations, microbiology, and science engineering is applied in industrial technology. The use of biomedical microorganisms and cultured tissue cells is known as a biological process in an industrial process for the production of pure products. Therefore, the focus of the biological process on fermentation products and the ability to process quantities of industrial scale using living organisms (organisms) [3], and these cases may be identified using reservoirs known as fermenters [4] or bioreactors [5]. To be achieved. The focus of the biological process is on cultures of large amounts of organisms in reservoirs like fermentors and biological reactors, and with fermentation-related products.

Application of fermentation processes

A bioreactor is a reservoir in which living creatures cultivate and grow in one way to form a lateral product. In some cases, special organisms are cultivated for the production of highly purified products, such as antibiotics. The laboratory scale of a bioreactor is in the range of 100-2 liters, but in commercial processes or a large-scale operation, this size may reach 100 cubic meters [4, 5]. Initially, the terminator was used to describe these reservoirs, but in more principled phrases, fermentation is an anaerobic process, while most of the processors use aerobic conditions. The term bioreactor is used to describe fermentation reservoirs for the growth of microorganisms under aerobic and anaerobic conditions.




Fermentation of ethanol using Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Biological units are a major component of the food, pharmaceutical, and chemicals industry. The use of microorganisms to convert biosensors [6] and to produce fermented foods, cheese and chemicals are old enough. Biodiversity processes have been developed for a range of commercial products that are listed in Table 1. 1. Most of the products originate from relatively inexpensive raw materials. The production of industrial alcohols and organic solvents is higher than cheap food. Specific biological processes and more expensive in the production of antibiotics, monoclonal antibodies [7] and vaccines are used. Industrial enzymes and living cells such as bread yeast and beer yeast are also commercial products derived from biological process units.

[1] Polysaccharide

[2] Xanthan gum

[3] Organism

[4] Fermenter

[5] Bioreactor

[6] Biological

[7] Monoclonal antibodies

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