Amino acid production

Amino acid production

One of the commercial methods for producing lysine is a two-step process using two types of bacteria. Carbon sources for producing amino acids are corn starch, potato starch, molasses and whey. If starch is used, it should be hydrolyzed to achieve higher yields. Escherichia coli [1] in the glycerine content, sugar, corn and diammonium phosphate concentrate [2] under aerobic conditions and growth has been controlled temperature and pressure.

Environmental control for heath processes

Step 1: Fermentation of aminopyralid acid [3] by Escherichia coli

Step 2: Carboxylation and ammonium phosphate by the Enterobacter Aerobic Gene [4]

E. coli can be as simple as the corn syrup with phosphate-buffered saline for a period of incubation [5] three days grow. Lysine is an essential amino acid for human nutrition, which is used as a dietary supplement, along with bread and cereal proteins.

Various types of living microorganisms, especially bacteria and fungi, can produce large amounts of glutamic acid. Glutamic acid by microbial metabolites Micrococcus [6] , Rtrvbaktr [7] and Brvybaktryvm [8] and through the Krebs cycle [9] produced. Sodium glutamate is known as an amino acid for food flavoring in the food industry. Environmental commonly used include carbohydrates, Pptn [10] , inorganic salts and biotin [11] is. Biotin concentration has a significant effect on the conversion efficiency of glutamic acid. Ketoglutaric acid of alpha type [12]An intermediate in the Krebs cycle and is a glutamate acid precursor. The conversion of alpha-ketoglutaric acid to glutamic acid is performed in the presence of glutamic acid dehydrogenase [13] and ammonia nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase (NADH 2 ) [14] . Live cells simulate glutamic acid by nitrogen uptake and then convert to glutamic acid and glutamine. Therefore, glutamic acid is formed through the reaction between ammonia and ketoglutaric acid of the alpha type in one of the intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle [15] or the Krebs cycle.

History of sewage treatment

[1] Escherichia coli

[2] di-ammonium phosphate

[3] diaminopimelic acid (DAP)

[4] Enterobacter aerogenes

[5] Incubation

[6] Micrococcus

[7] Arthrobacter

[8] Brevibacterium

[9] Krebs cycle

[10] Peptone

[11] Biotin

[12] α-ketoglutaric acid

[13] Glutamic Acid Dehydrogenase

[14] Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Dehydrogenase

[15] Tricarboxylic Acid (TCA) cycle

amino acids degradation of amino acids biosynthesis of amino acids ppt amino acid biosynthesis pathways amino acid market amino acid synthesis organic chemistry